The National Museum of Serbia was reopened again this summer, after being closed for renovation for 15 years. Citizens of Belgrade and many tourists were excited to see the long-awaited exhibition, and the waiting was totally worth it!
Here’s why you should visit the National Museum of Serbia and see the fascinating exhibition.
Short History of National Museum of Serbia
The National Museum of Serbia is the oldest and the largest museum in all the former Yugoslav countries, established in 1844.
The current building where the museum is based, located on the Republic Square, became its home in 1952. It was designed by architects Andra Stevanovic and Nikola Nestorovic and it was built to be the house of the Mortgage Bank. However, the building was bombed during WWII and after the war, it became the home of the National Museum of Serbia. The construction was made by architects Alexander Deroko, Petar Anagnosti, and Zor Petrović.
In 2003, the museum was closed due to the need of reconstruction, which lasted for 15 years. The museum was finally opened this year on Serbian religious holiday Vidovdan.
The National Museum of Serbia has 34 collections placed on three floors, dating from the prehistory to the new century. The complete permanent exhibition is arranged in a showroom of 5000m².
The ground floor exhibition of the museum consists of archeological artifacts that date from the Paleolithic era, continuing with Greek and ending with Roman culture.
Most of the sculptures were found in Vinca, an important archeological site located 14 kilometers from Belgrade.
The most popular collection is the one from Lepenski Vir, a settlement from the Mesolithic and Neolithic era, located at the coast of the river Danube, near the Boljetin village. The collection consists of needles, hooks, bones, jewelry, and unique stone sculptures.
The collection from the Hellenic period consists of objects from many archeological sites in Serbia, Macedonia, and Montenegro, while artifacts from the Roman period are only from sites in Serbia.
The first floor is reserved for a collection of pieces from the Early Middle Ages to the period of the First Serbian Uprising. The collection contains many pieces of jewelry, icons, frescoes, ceramics, etc., which witness the medieval development of the Serbian country.
The first floor also has a part where paintings from Serbian authors from 18th and 19th century are exposed, as well as some paintings from foreign authors.
Some of the most important paintings included in the museum’s exhibition are Teodor Kracun’s Christ Resurrection and Konstantin Danil’s Madonna and Male Portrait. The collection also contains fascinating pieces from the work of one of Serbia’s most significant artists, Djura Jaksic, including Karadjordje Assassination, Prince Milan Obrenovic Portrait, Prince Michael on a Catafalque, Emperor Dusan, and many others.
Djordje Krstic, a Serbian painter from the Realist era is also present in this exhibition, with paintings like Woman Underneath the Apple Tree, Studenica Monastery, Zica Monastery, Anatomist, Djele Kula, Drawn Girl, etc.
The second floor is dedicated to art – it contains more than 200 paintings from Yugoslavian authors from the 20th century, as well as a great number of paintings from foreign authors. The second floor also contains some fascinating sculptures from Yugoslavian and foreign artists.
The exhibition contains paintings from one of the most famous Yugoslavian painters Paja Jovanovic, including Crowning of Stefan Dušan, The Wedding of Stefan Dusan, Portrait of Nikola Pašić, Ms. Pupin Portrait, The Fencing Lesson, The Uprising at Takovo, Stefan Decanski, Portrait of Romanian King Ferdinand, Portrait of Josip Broz Tito, etc.
Here you can also find paintings from Sava Sumanovic, including Sidjanke, Bridge in town, Nude on the Red Carpet, etc., Stradun from Milan Konjovic, and works from Marina Abramovic which include Performance 77, Oblak and his Projection, Kisses from Moscow, and Exhibition Bologna 1977.
This floor also contains sculptures of the most prominent Yugoslavian sculptors – Ivan Mestrovic, Antun Augustincic, and Frano Krsinic. So, you can see Ivan Mestrovic’s Angel of Death, Kosovo Girl, Milos Obilic, Prince Kraljevic Marko, etc., Antun Augustincic’s Bronze Female Nude, and Frano Krisinic’s Female Nude in Marble.
The National Museum of Serbia is located on the Republic Square. The entrance is on Vasina street and the exit is on the Republic Square.
The museum works every day except Monday. The ticket costs 300 RSD and the entrance is free on Sunday.
If you are a real history and art lover, you will be fascinated by what this museum has to offer.